There are many varieties of teas that can be integrated into the Paleo diet, but we have decided to talk to you about green tea and Japanese green tea in particular. Review of this super-tea that are Japanese green teas.
Green tea is used and known as one of the most potent medicinal plants in the world for nearly 5,000 years. Many sources report that green tea has been drunk for centuries in China and Japan, almost exclusively for its medicinal properties.
Japanese teas, whose most famous varieties are matcha, sencha, gyokuro and hoiji-cha are harvested in the Kyūshū and Shikoku islands region from mid-April to late September. The first harvest (April-May) is the most famous because it produces a much more refined tea. This will produce an unfermented green tea.
The oxidation of the leaves (fermentation) is stopped using a steam heating process. This ancestral method originated in China is only practiced in Japan today. This gives this traditional country a unique know-how that can not be found among modern tea producers.
The origins of tea
Originally from China, tea was imported into Japan from the seventh century by Buddhist monks under the influence of the Tang Dynasty.
Today this variety of tea has disappeared from Japan, it was called tea Eicha 餅 茶 . Fallen into disuse, when Japan closed to China, this tea only continued to be used during ceremonies.
It was not until the Kamakura period (1192-1333) that tea developed. In 1911 the Zen founder of the Rinzai school brought back a new tea variety and a new method of preparation. It is this tea that is found today in Japan. In the form of a powder, the oxidation being stopped by steam passage.
Shortly after its introduction in Japan, it will disappear from China. This method is still predominantly used in Japan.
It was not until the fifteenth century that the tea culture opened entirely in Japan. Until then it was the privilege of priests.
The cultivation of tea reached its peak in the 16th century with the codification of the tea ceremony. It was with Master Sen No Rikyû that tea became a true religion, an art and a philosophy. Inspired by Buddhism and tea schools, it will spawn a complex, highly codified Zen ceremony. This ceremony called “Cha no Yu” is dedicated to revealing the power of tea and the beauty of everyday gestures.
Nowadays, green tea remains widely spread in Japan. Its preparation, unique in the world, requires great care. Protected from the sun, the tea leaves undergo a special roasting. They are steamed for a few moments, which will give them a shiny appearance and a slightly iodized taste. Japanese green teas are rich in vitamins and slightly processed.
Let’s review the three great varieties of Japanese green tea.
The different varieties
It is the most common tea in Japan, accounting for 3/4 of the production. This tea has a taste of grass and seaweed and is quite bitter. He drinks hot or cold.
Water temperature : +/- 80 ° C
Infusion time : 1 min
10 g for 210 ml water
It is a green tea called shade. Particularly esteemed in Japan, it has the advantage of being poor in tannins and rich theine which gives it a particularly sweet taste. It is an excellent substitute for coffee.
Water temperature : +/- 60 °
Infusion time : 1 min to 1 min 30
10 g for 80 ml of water
In the form of very fine powder, matcha tea is a product that is quite expensive. It is usually used for the tea ceremony. Particularly rich in amino acids and antioxidants, its taste is both deep and soft with a taste of grass (even iodized).
Water temperature : +/- 90 °
Infusion time : no infusion, tea, reduced to powder, is immediately beaten in the water with a chasen .
Approximately 2 g per 60 ml of water
The benefits of green tea
Green tea is great for health! You’ve heard that around you. Green tea is used and known as one of the most potent medicinal plants in the world for nearly 5,000 years. Many sources report that green tea has been drunk for centuries in China and Japan, almost exclusively for its medicinal properties.
Among the recognized properties of green tea on health are:
- A powerful antioxidant (neutralizes free radicals)
- Powerful Detoxifying
- Low Cholesterol in the Blood
- Activates metabolism
- Stimulates fat burning
- Improved strength and endurance
- Increases insulin sensitivity (decreased risk of type 2 diabetes)
- Assistance in the prevention of various cancers, arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases
- Antiviral, Anti-bacterial, Anti-fungal
- Anti-angiogenic (destroys the arrival of oxygen to the tumors)
- Strengthens immunity
- Anti-hypertension (reduction in blood pressure )
- Anti-dental caries
- Help with digestion
- Deacidify (lowers the PH of the body)